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Adderall Psychosis (& Paranoia): How to Identify the Symptoms

Prescription drugs are meant to help people deal with the symptoms of an illness or disease. Adderall, for example, is designed to help people with attention deficit disorder (ADD). People...

Potentiating Tramadol: The Dangers to Watch Out For

Think of the brain as a delicately calibrated machine. It’s nourished by blood and oxygen, and its chemical makeup is dictated by biology. Prescription drugs can upset this balance, and...

What is Apixaban and How is it Abused?

Apixaban, also known by the brand name Eliquis, is an anticoagulant medication designed to prevent blood clots by thinning the blood for people suffering from atrial fibrillation (AF) in an...

Adderall Comedown: The Best Methods to a Fast Recovery

Adderall (amphetamine and dextroamphetamine) is a controlled substance that is primarily used medically in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and for narcolepsy. Adderall has received media attention as a...

Ritalin for ADHD: Is It a Safe Long-Term Solution?

The drug Ritalin is currently one of the Food And Drug Administration’s (FDA) approved treatments for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The active ingredient in Ritalin is methylphenidate, which is also the active ingredient...

Working Out On Adderall: Is It Safe?

Adderall is a combination of dextroamphetamine and amphetamine that is typically prescribed for individuals who have the psychiatric disorder attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Adderall comes in an immediate-release form and...

Xanax Tapering off Guide (+ Timeline)

Xanax, alprazolam, is a benzodiazepine medication prescribed to treat panic and anxiety disorders for a short period of time. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warns that Xanax can be habit-forming...

Adderall Neurotoxicity: How Dangerous Is It?

What is Adderall? Adderall is a mixture of the stimulant drugs amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. It is a prescription medication dispensed to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The FDA issues a black...

Guide to Klonopin Addiction and Abuse Potential

Klonopin (clonazepam) is a benzodiazepine medication that is primarily used to treat anxiety disorders, such as panic disorder, and seizures. It has other potential dditional uses, including as a muscle relaxant and...

The Risk of Adderall Dependence: How Serious Is It?

Adderall is the brand name for a stimulant combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine that is most often used in the treatment of ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder). Adderall can be prescribed in an...

Nitrous Oxide: Can You Overdose? How Much Is Lethal?

Nitrous oxide (N2O, which is commonly referred to as laughing gas) was discovered in the late 1700s and has been used medicinally for many years. It is a small inorganic chemical that...

Adderall Tolerance: Can You Decrease It?

Adderall is a stimulant medication that is prescribed to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and sometimes used to treat daytime sleepiness associated with narcolepsy. The drug combines dextroamphetamine and amphetamine,...

Roxicodone Withdrawals: What to Do (& Timeline)

Oxycodone is an opioid medication that is marketed under numerous brand names, one of them being Roxicodone. Roxicodone is an immediate-release formula for oxycodone hydrochloride and available in doses of 5 mg,...

Phenibut and the Potential for Withdrawal and Addiction

Phenibut (?-Phenyl-?-aminobutyric acid; brand names include Citrocard, Fenibut, Noofen, and Phenybut) is a central nervous system depressant substance that is structurally related to the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Phenibut also...

Nitrous Oxide Abuse: Finding Addiction Help

For centuries, nitrous oxide has been a staple in hospitals around the world, giving patients pain relief before medical procedures. The additional euphoria has always been seen as a humorous...

Valium Abuse and Help

 Valium has become one of the most widely used medications today, with patients taking it to treat everything from insomnia and headaches to anxiety and seizures. In many ways, Valium...

The True Costs of the Opioid Epidemic

The United States is in the grip of an epidemic of opioid addiction and overdose. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that, from 2000 to 2015, nearly a...

The Truth Behind Adderall and Heart Problems

Adderall is an amphetamine-based prescription medication used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine is very effective for those with diagnosed ADHD, when combined with therapy,...

The Long-Term Effects of Taking Adderall: Tips for Harm Reduction

When attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) became a more common diagnosis in childhood, kids without ADHD perceived that their classmates or friends experienced impressive cognitive benefits from taking medication. While...

What Are the Key Differences Between Adderall & Vyvanse?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects 6.4 million children in the United States between the ages of 4 and 17 years old, along with millions of adults. The condition is...

Learn to Manage Chronic Pain without Drugs

Chronic pain is a blanket term for several conditions caused by injury or illness, which lead to consistent pain, numbness, fatigue, and psychological distress for at least 12 weeks. The sensation of acute...

Beating a Reliance on Percocet

Percocet is a brand-name combination of oxycodone, a potent opioid analgesic, and acetaminophen, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). The combination of painkillers eases pain for a little longer and more effectively...

Dangers of Shooting and Snorting Opana

Opana (oxymorphone) is a synthetic opiate or narcotic medication that is primarily designed for the medicinal use of pain control. It is an extremely potent medication and available in immediate-release and...

Differences between Percocet and Oxycodone

There is essentially very little difference between Percocet and oxycodone. Learn about how these drugs work, their side effects, and information about opioid use disorder. What is Oxycodone? Oxycodone is an...

Withdrawal Symptoms of Percocet

Percocet is a medication primarily designed for the relief of moderate to severe issues with pain. Percocet contains both acetaminophen (a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that is available in over-the-counter medications like...

Dangers of Mixing Vicodin and Alcohol

Vicodin is a Schedule II controlled substance that consists of the opiate medication hydrocodone and the over-the-counter medication acetaminophen. Hydrocodone is a central nervous system depressant drug that belongs to the...

Dangers of Mixing Xanax and Alcohol

Benzodiazepines are drugs that are designed primarily for the treatment of anxiety. They represent one of the most prescribed classes of drugs in the United States. These drugs are also useful...

Valium: What Side Effects Must You Be Aware Of?

Valium (diazepam) is a member of the benzodiazepine class of medications. Benzodiazepines were developed in an effort to create a medication that could effectively treat anxiety and seizures but did not...

How Long Does Vicodin Stay in Your System?

The process of metabolism is the real detoxification process that occurs within the human body. The terms medical detox and detox are often used to refer to a process where a physician or some other...

Morphine: Can It Be Addictive?

According to the book Addiction and Opiates, morphine is one of many drugs belonging to the opiate drug class (also referred to as the narcotic drug class). All of the opiate drugs are developed from...

Am I Addicted to Ritalin? (4 Question Test)

Ritalin and Concerta are the brand names of drugs that contain the stimulant medication methylphenidate. Methylphenidate is a medication that is useful in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and the sleep...

What Are the Withdrawal Symptoms from Tramadol?

Tramadol is an opioid analgesic that is intended to treat moderate to severe pain following surgery or a serious injury. It is habit-forming, and with continued use, people can develop...

What Is Tramadol and How Does it Work?

Prescription drug abuse is a growing problem in this country, and it can have life-threatening consequences. According to the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), approximately 15 million Americans...

OTC Drugs to Be Careful Of

Over-the-counter (OTC) medications are drugs that people do not need a prescription for in order to purchase. They are available at pharmacies, grocery stores, and convenience stores around the country,...

How Long Does Opana Stay in Your System?

Opana is the brand name of a semisynthetic opioid analgesic that contains oxymorphone hydrochloride. Doctors typically prescribe it to treat moderate to severe pain, but it has a high potential...

Opana: Side Effects

Opana (oxymorphone) is a very potent semisynthetic opioid drug that is used for pain control. Opana is available in an immediate-release form (Opana IR) and an extended-release form (Opana ER). Dosages...

Roxicodone Abuse and Detox

Roxicodone (oxycodone hydrochloride) is an opioid analgesic medication that may be prescribed for the treatment of moderate to severe pain. Roxicodone is one of the brand names for the opiate drug...

Etizolam: Signs of Abuse and Recovery Options

According to the DEA (Drug Enforcement Agency), etizolam is a thienodiazepine drug that is chemically similar to the benzodiazepines. Etizolam is a prescription medication in Europe and Japan; however, it is currently not...

DXM Abuse: Recognize the Symptoms of Addiction

DXM (dextromethorphan) is a cough suppressant medication (antitussive) that has been on the market for many years. Originally released in the 1950s, it became highly abused and was removed from the...

What are the Short and Long-Term Side Effects of Ambien Abuse?

Belonging to a class of sedative-hypnotic drugs that are not benzodiazepines, but often termed non-benzodiazepine “z-drugs,” zolpidem is the active substance in Ambien, a popular sleep aid prescribed to treat...

OxyContin vs. Oxycodone: What You Need to Know

Behind marijuana and alcohol, prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are the most commonly abused substances in the United States by individuals who are 14 years old or older, the National Institute...

Difference between Vicodin and Percocet

Pain is one of the number one causes of disability in the United States, the National Pain Report publishes, and there are many treatments on the market to manage and alleviate pain....

Dangers of Mixing OxyContin with Alcohol

OxyContin is an extended-release formulation of the opioid pain reliever oxycodone. Opioids suppress the central nervous system while blocking pain sensations. The time-release function of OxyContin slowly releases the drug...

Xanax Withdrawal Symptoms

If you have ever struggled with insomnia, anxiety, or chronic panic attacks, it’s likely you’ve heard the word Xanax cross your doctor’s lips. While this powerful benzodiazepine can assuage most anxiety disorders, it...

What Are the Differences between Klonopin and Xanax?

These days, anxiety disorders are incredibly common in the United States. In fact, the National Institute on Mental Health reports that 18.1 percent of American adults suffer from some form of anxiety....

Restoril vs Ambien: The Differences To Be Aware Of

Humans need three basic things to remain healthy and strong: a balanced diet, plenty of clean water, and sufficient sleep. For most people in industrialized nations, these first two needs...

Tuinal: What are the Dangers and Side Effects?

If you are a part of Generation X, you’ve probably heard of the pharmaceutical drug Tuinal (sometimes misspelled as “Tuinol”). This sedative barbiturate was hugely popular from the 1960s through...

What is Ketamine?

In 1962, professor Calvin L. Stevens of Wayne State University first synthesized a brand new chemical compound. The drug was ketamine, a new anesthetic that was fast, effective, and less habit-forming...

What Are Barbiturates?

A class of sedative and central nervous system depressive drugs, barbiturates are synthetic drugs used as sleeping aids, anti-anxiety medications, anticonvulsants, and anesthetics. They range in action from causing mild...

Mixing Alcohol with Opiates

Alcohol is the most regularly used addictive substance in the United States, per the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (NCADD). The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) reports that nearly...

What Are Opioids?

It seems as though every time we turn on the news, there are more reports of opioid overdoses resulting in deaths. The United States is experiencing an epidemic of opioid...

Addiction to Painkillers

Painkillers are prevalent in the US, both over-the-counter and prescription varieties. Prescription painkillers are typically narcotics, or opioid-based, because opium and similar synthetic molecules are very effective at dulling pain...

Concerta Withdrawal: Is It Dangerous?

What is Concerta? Concerta is a prescription nervous system stimulant that is used primarily for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It is also used to address treatment-resistant depression...

Concerta (Ritalin) Abuse Signs and Treatment Options

Concerta is a long-acting form of the generic drug methylphenidate, which has more commonly been known as Ritalin. Concerta is the new form of the medication that contains the same active ingredient...

How Long Does Klonopin Withdrawal Last?

The abuse of Klonopin is increasing. The Drug Enforcement Administration reports 271,698 case records for emergency room visits related to benzodiazepines like Klonopin in 2008 and 345,691 in 2010 – a significant...

Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines are a class of drugs that affect gamma-aminobutyric acid, a neurotransmitter in the brain that suppresses nerve activity. Doctors typically prescribe benzodiazepines to treat anxiety, panic attacks, insomnia, and...

Opioid Addiction

Opioids are medications that relieve pain by attaching to opioid receptors in the central nervous system. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse(NIDA), they reduce the intensity of painful stimuli...

Adderall Abuse: Recognizing the Symptoms of Addiction

Adderall is a prescription stimulant medication used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy1—a neurological disorder marked by excessive daytime sleepiness and uncontrollable episodes of deep sleep.2 Adderall...

Prescription Drug Abuse

Prescription medications are prescribed by licensed medical practitioners, issued from a pharmacy, and intended for use only by one person. Prescription drugs are regulated by the U.S. Food & Drug...

Is Opana Addictive?

Opana, the brand name for oxymorphone, is an opioid medication used to control and treat severe pain. It is in the same narcotic class as Vicodin and OxyContin, and it...

Ambien Abuse: A Guide to Treatment and Recovery

Zolpidem – the generic name for the brand name drug Ambien – is used to treat insomnia. It is a sedative-hypnotic that slows brain activity and encourages sleep. While effective for short-term use,...

Understanding the Dangers of a Ketamine Overdose

As a dissociative anesthetic, ketamine has some legitimate medical uses. It is most often used in veterinary practice to prepare animals for surgery and other procedures. The drug is also...

Ketamine Abuse and Treatment Options

Ketamine, sometimes referred to as Ketalar, is a prescription drug that was released in 1970 for use as a surgical general anesthetic. Since then, ketamine has continued to be widely...

How Long Does OxyContin Detox Last?

The American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) publishes that close to 2 million people in the United States who are over the age of 11 are considered to be suffering from a...

OxyContin Abuse

OxyContin is the brand name of the opioid narcotic oxycodone, a powerful prescription pain reliever that typically comes in tablet or capsule form that are either immediate or controlled-release formats....

How Long Does It Take to Detox from Xanax?

Xanax, originally called alprazolam, is a popular benzodiazepine (benzo) commonly used to treat anxiety disorders and panic disorder. This medication binds to the GABA-A receptors in the brain, causing sedative, hypnotic,...

Xanax Abuse and Addiction

Xanax (alprazolam) is a member of the benzodiazepine class of drugs. There are more than 15 different types of benzodiazepines, and together, these drugs represent some of the most commonly...

Safe Ways of Detoxing from Vicodin

Vicodin is the brand name for a powerful opioid painkiller used to treat moderate to severe pain. It combines the synthetic opioid hydrocodone with a high dose of the common...

Vicodin: Signs of Abuse and Recovery

Vicodin is a combination of the opioid painkiller hydrocodone and acetaminophen, commonly known by the brand name Tylenol. It’s used to treat moderate to severe pain and is typically prescribed...

Prescription drug abuse topic of talks

More than 150 physicians from north Mississippi and the Memphis area gathered in Oxford on March 27 for the MPHP Prescribers Summit: Controlled Substances Update. Oxford Treatment Center sponsored The...

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